May 2008 Vol XXXII Issue 5

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Medication Induced Constipation and Diarrhea

Rachel C. Toney, Dustin Wallace, Sandeep Sekhon, Rad M. Agrawal

This article discusses the most common medications associated with constipation and diarrhea as well as diagnosis and treatment.


Low Body Mass is Associated with Osteoporosis in Patients with Crohn's Disease

Colin L. Noble, Jack Satsangi

What is the role of environmental factors and vitamin D receptors (VDR) on the prevalence of osteoporosis in patients with inflammatory bowel disease? The authors review their latest study.


Small But Mighty: Selected Micronutrient Issues in Gastric Bypass Patients

Kelly O'Donnell

Due to malabsorption created by bypass surgery, more than calories are lost. This article focuses on four nutrients?copper, thiamine, calcium and vitamin D. Included are signs and symptoms of deficiencies.


Preventive Approaches in Chronic Liver Disease Part II: Compensated Liver Cirrhosis

Mohammad R. Taheri, Thomas R. Riley III

The objective of this article is to provide evidence-based strategies to detect or prevent early complications of liver cirrhosis.

Departments Section

Medical Bulletin Board

IFFGD is Seeking Applications for 2009 Research Awards

IFFGD is seeking applications/nominations for research awards. The awards will be given to active investigators in six categories who have a record of research interest in basic mechanisms or clinical aspects of functional gastrointestinal and motility disorders, and neurogastroenterology.

Colonoscopy Used to Identify and Remove Flat Colon Lesions: Flat Colon Lesions More Common and More Likely to Be Cancer According to JAMA Study

A study from researchers at the Veterans Affairs Palo Alto Healthcare System in California shows that non-polypoid colorectal neoplasms or flat colon lesions, are more common in Americans than previously thought and may have a greater association with cancer compared to polypoid neoplasms or the more commonly diagnosed colorectal polyp.

Book Reviews

Liver Immunology Principles and Practice

M. Eric Gershwin, John M. Vierling, Michael P. Manns
Humana Press Inc, 2007
eISBN-13: 978-1-59745-518-3; $169

The immunologic system of the liver is the foundation for all liver disease and the reason that liver transplantation is successful. The second edition of this book explores not only individual cells responsible for immunologic functions of the liver but also broad topics such as autoimmune disease in children as well as an entire section on liver transplant.

From the Literature

Aspirin and Colorectal Cancer in Men

A prospective study of 47,363 male health professionals who were ages 40 to 75 years at enrollment in 1986 was conducted biannually.

Mucosal Atrophy in Celiac Disease

To study the macroscopic features in celiac disease by means of a magnified view of the intestinal mucosa utilizing wireless capsule endoscopy, evaluation of the following: (1) the distribution of atrophy in untreated celiac disease, (2) the correlation between extent of changes and clinical manifestations, (3) the accuracy and interobserver agreement of wireless capsule endoscopy assessment, and (4) the affect of gluten withdrawal.