January 2009 Vol XXXIII Issue 1

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Hepatitis E Virus Infection

S. Bennet Hooks, C. Julian Billings, Jorge L. Herrera

Hepatitis E virus (HEV), transmitted via the fecal-oral route, has been the etiology of large-scale hepatitis outbreaks in developing countries, particularly among adults throughout Central and South Asia. The association of HEV with pregnancy makes it an important illness in patients presenting with hepatitis after recent travel to endemic areas.


Race and Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Grishma J. Joy, Raymond K. Cross, Mark H. Flasar

This article provides gastroenterologists with a framework of evidence regarding racial and ethnic minorities with IBD. Frequency of disease, clinical presentation/disease phenotypes and treatment differences and disparities between African-Americans and Hispanics compared to Caucasians are discussed.


Vitamin B12: No One Should Be Without It

Liz da Silva, Stacey McCray

The authors discuss the nutritional needs and sources of vitamin B12, how best to monitor and replace vitamin B12 in those who are deficient and the relationship between vitamin B12 and folate.


Antibiotic Associated Hemorrhagic Colitis: The Need to Distinguish from Clostridium Difficile Colitis

Lekshmi Dharmarajan, R. Muthavarapu, Hilary Hertan, Marilou Corpuz

This case substantiates the sporadic reports linking hemorrhagic colitis to the use of antibiotics such as amoxicillin-clavulamate and the need to differentiate the entity from C. diifficile colitis, as treatment and prognosis differ.

Departments Section

Medical Bulletin Board

Crohn's & Colitis Foundation Presents National Science Awards to Clinical and Scientific Thought-Leaders in Inflammatory Bowel Diseases

Three clinical and scientific thought-leaders in inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) were awarded the Crohn's & Colitis Foundation's prestigious Annual National Science Awards at its 2008 Advances in Inflammatory Bowel Diseases Clinical & Research Conference in Hollywood, Florida. Hailing from cutting-edge medical institutions around the country, the recipients, nominated by the Foundation's National Scientific Advisory Committee (NSAC), all proved a pivotal dedication to the Foundation's mission of a future free from Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis, painful and at times, debilitating digestive diseases that affect over 1.4 million Americans.

New Data Suggest Cimzia® (Certolizumab Pegol) Active in Treating Moderate to Severe Crohn's Patients with Fistulizing Disease

Improved outcomes for fistula closures observed in PRECiSE 2 trial under maintenance therapy with stable dosing of CIMZIA® every four weeks

Quickvue® iFOB Test Results Show High Correlation with Quantitative Laboratory Assay for Fecal Occult Blood Using Stools from Patients with Post-colonoscopy Based Clinical Diagnosis

Quidel Corporation, a provider of rapid point-of-care (POC) diagnostic tests, presented data from a correlation study for its QuickVue iFOB (immunochemical Fecal Occult Blood) test for colorectal cancer (CRC) screening. The results demonstrated a high correlation between Quidel's POC immunochemistry test and a quantitative laboratory test for fecal occult blood.

Cellvizio® Shown To Improve Biopsy Targeting in Barrett's Esophagus

New Data on World's Smallest Microscope Published in GUT Journal New data show that real-time, in vivo imaging with

Book Reviews

Practical Gastrointestinal Endoscopy: The Fundamentals

Comprehending how an endoscopy unit operates and how the equipment works is fundamental for gastroenterologists and their staff. Understanding the theory behind endoscopic techniques helps the gastroenterologist troubleshoot difficult patients and situations. Practical Gastrointestinal Endoscopy is divided into eight chapters. Each chapter contains details on specific topics followed by recommendations for further reading. The tables and figures are informative and well placed.